Research Seminar Series on “Global Challenges” – Lucia Rizzica (Bank of Italy), 21st September 2023 at 12.15 p.m. (CET)

Research Seminar Series on “Global Challenges”

Lucia Rizzica (Bank of Italy) on Women in Economics. The role of gendered references at entry in the profession” (with A. Baltrunaite and A. Casarico), jointly organised by Centro Studi Luca d’Agliano, BAFFI and the Department of Economics, Management and Quantitative Methods (University of Milan) in collaboration with the Dipartimento di Economia, Metodi Quantitativi e Strategie di Impresa (Università Milano Bicocca), the Dipartimento di Ingegneria Gestionale (Politecnico di Milano) and the Department of Economics of the University of Insubria.


The seminar will be held on Thursday, 21st September 2023 at 12:15 p.m. (CET) in a hybrid format:

– DEMM seminar room, Via Conservatorio 7, 2nd floor.
– Via Zoom. Please register by email to

We study the presence and the extent of gender differences in reference letters for graduate students in economics and finance, and how they relate to early labor market outcomes. To these ends, we build a novel rich dataset and combine Natural Language Processing techniques with standard regression analysis. We find that men are described more often as brilliant and women as hardworking and diligent. We show that the former (latter) characteristics relate positively (negatively) with various subsequent career outcomes. We provide evidence that the observed differences in the way candidates are described are driven by implicit gender stereotypes.