Value Added in Motion. The Future Geography of Production, Migration and Energy (VAM)

Funding Institution: Enel Foundation

Partners: University of Milan, Department of Economics, Management and Quantitative Methods

Start/End date: 1 May 2013 – 30 April 2016

LdA Researchers: Giorgio Barba Navaretti (coordinator), Gianmarco Ottaviano and Giovanni Pica (Geography of Value Added), Giovanni Facchini and Tommaso Frattini (Migration), Marzio Galeotti, Francesco Vona and Federico Pontoni (Energy)

Goals: The overarching aim of this large project has been understanding the geography of value added and its implications for migration and for demand and supply of energy. Work pursued three different objectives:
i) mapping the geography of value added and to assess its main triggers;
ii) assessing the relationship between the location of activities and the production of value added and population movements;
iii) assessing how energy demand and the availability of energy sources relate to the creation, composition, and location of economic activities and to population movements.

Background report

• Barba Navaretti, Giorgio, Facchini, Giovanni, Frattini, Tommaso, Galeotti, Marzio, Ottaviano, Gianmarco, Pica, Giovanni, Vona, Francesco and Cerisola, Silvia: How Do Value Added, Migration and Energy Interact? Initial evidence and open issues, LdA-Enel Foundation, Background Report, September 2014

Final Report

• Barba Navaretti, Giorgio, Facchini, Giovanni, Frattini, Tommaso, Galeotti, Marzio, Ottaviano, Gianmarco, Pica, Giovanni and Vona, Francesco: Industrial Value Added, Migration and Energy. Reasons and Policies for their Continuous Interaction,  LdA-Enel Foundation, Final Report, June 2016


• Bratsberg, Bernt, Raaum, Oddbjørn and Rogeberg, Ole: Migrant labor in the Norwegian petroleum sector, LdA WP No. 420, January 2017
• Docquier, Frederic and Machado, Joël: Income disparities, population and migration flows over the 21st centuryLdA WP No. 421, January 2017
• Dustmann, Christian, Fasani, Francesco, Meng, Xin and Minale, Luigi: “Risk Attitudes and Household Migration Decisions”
• Facchini, Giovanni, Liu, Maggie Y., Mayda, Annamaria and Zhou, Minghai: The impact of China’s WTO accession on internal migrationLdA WP No. 422, January 2017
• Galeotti, Marzio, Salini, Silvia and Verdolini, Elena: Measuring Environmental Policy Stringency: Approaches, Validity, and Impact on Energy Efficiency, LdA WP No. 412, January 2017
• Hanson, Gordon: What Do We Really Know about Offshoring? Industries and Countries in Global Production Sharing, LdA WP No. 416, January 2017
• Head, Keith and Thierry Mayer: From Torino to Tychy: The limits of offshoring in the car industry, LdA WP No. 417, January 2017
• Levinson, Arik: Energy Intensity: Prices, Policy, or Composition in US States, LdA WP No. 414, January 2017
• Puga, Diego: The changing distribution of firms and workers across cities, LdA WP No. 418, January 2017
• Van der Ploeg, Frederick: Rapacious Oil Exploration in face of Regime Switches: Breakthrough Renewable Energy and Dynamic Resource Wars, LdA WP No. 415, January 2017
• Wang, Zhi, Wei, Shang-Jin, Yu, Xinding and Zhu, Kunfu: Characterizing Global and Regional Manufacturing Value Chains: Stable and Evolving Features, LdA WP No. 419, January 2017
• Weber, Sylvain, Gerlagh, Reyer, Mathys, Nicole A. and Moran, Daniel: CO2 embedded in trade: trends and fossil fuel drivers, LdA WP No. 413, January 2017


• Fontagné, Lionel and Fouré, Jean: Value Added in Motion: Modelling World Trade Patterns at the 2035 Horizon, LdA WP No. 425, January 2017
• Fontagné, Lionel, Fouré, Jean and Santoni, Gianluca: Value Added in Motion: Macroeconomic Implications of Energy Price Trajectories, LdA WP No. 426, January 2017 
• Fontagné, Lionel and Santoni, Gianluca: Value Added in Motion: Determinants of Value Added Location within the EU, LdA WP No. 424, January 2017

Policy Briefs

• Pontoni, Federico: Renewable Energies and Distributed Generation. Challenges and Issues in Developed Countries and Developing Countries, LdA-Enel Foundation, Policy Brief, January 2017
• Pontoni, Federico: Stranded carbon assets: The (hidden) risk of fossil fuels. How to assess cost and benefits of investing and divesting in carbon intensive sectors, LdA-Enel Foundation, Policy Brief, January 2017
• Pontoni, Federico: CO2 emissions embodied in trade. Analysis and policy implications, LdA-Enel Foundation, Policy Brief, January 2017


La Nuova Geografia del Valore Aggiunto by Giorgio Barba Navaretti published on Il Sole 24 Ore, 16th May 2015
• Enel Foundation Newsletter Energy for Knowledge, July 2014