Leonardo: LEAP (Programma Fornitori e le Politiche Industriali Italiane ed Europee)

Funding Institution: Leonardo S.p.A.

Start/End date: 2021 – 2022

LdA Researchers: Giorgio Barba Navaretti, Gianmarco Ottaviano, Fabiano Schivardi, Borisav Markovic and Federico Pessina

Goals: Our first goal involves analyzing the impact of the LEAP programme. The LEAP programme is an investment made by Leonardo aimed at reducing the dependency of its suppliers. Leonardo’s supply chain is extremely complex and consists primarily in Italian SMEs. Their small size, low exports, and dependency on Leonardo’s orders for their survival raised concerns around limited innovation and falling efficiency. The second goal of this project revolves around an analysis of the national and European defense industrial policies.  The aim is to provide Leonardo with an in-depth understanding and framework of these policies.

Productivity and Human Capital: The Italian Case

Funding Institution: Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development

Partners: OECD and INAPP

Start/End date: 2020 – 2021

LdA Researchers: Anna Rosso (coordinator), Camilla Andretta and Irene Brunetti

Goals: Firms are made up of people, and differences in the composition and skills of owners, managers and workers, and their interactions through management and organization, affect firms’ productivity and may explain performance gap between firms within the same sector. We focus on workers’ characteristics and ownership and management characteristics in order to provide facts on the human characteristics of successful versus less successful Italian firms.

Inequality in Productivity: Geography, Finance and Governance of Leaders and Laggards

Funding Institution: European Investment Bank

Partners: European Investment Bank

Start/End date: 2019 – 2021

LdA Researchers: Giorgio Barba Navaretti and Anna Rosso

Goals: The productivity of individual firms is affected by the environment in which they operate: agglomeration economies, knowledge spillovers, economies of scope and availability of specialized labour, components, services, and finance are all elements favouring productivity growth. The core periphery issue is especially meaningful in economies with deep geographic divides like Italy. We focus on finance and quality of governance, looking at whether leaders and laggards make a different use of these inputs and whether this difference is strengthened for peripheral laggards.

Dissemination

  • Presentation of the Report “Inequality in productivity: Geography, Finance and Governance of Leaders and Laggards” at the ENRI – the European Network of Research on Investment, 28th November 2019, EIB, Luxembourg
  • “From Micro to Macro: Market Power, Firms’ heterogeneity and Investment”, 18th-19th March 2019, Luxembourg

Productivity and Non-Tariff Measures

Partners: Paris School of Economics (PSE); University of Paris-Dauphine – PSL; Università della Svizzera Italiana

Start/End date: 2018 – 2021

LdA Researchers: Giorgio Barba Navaretti, Gabriele De Carli, Sante De Pimto, Giulia Felice, Emanuele Forlani, Paolo Garella, Marco Leonardi, Elena Meschi, Giovanni Pica and Anna Rosso

Goals: The aim of the project is to produce improved understanding of Non-Tariff Measures (NTM) and empirically testing their impact on international investment and trade, together with their effects on a variety of social and economic outcomes, including their impact on income and inequality. We analyze the NTM from the perspective of both protected and harmed individuals.

Productivity, Non-Tariff Measures and Openness (PRONTO)

Official website: http://prontonetwork.org/

Funding Institution: European Commision (the 7th Framework Programme)

Partners: University of Bern (UBERN, Coordinator); University College Dublin (UC Dublin); Ecorys Nederland; London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE); Paris School of Economics (PSE); Stichting Dienst Landbouwkundig Onderzoek (DLO); Athens University of Economics and Business (AUEB-RC); Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies (WIIW); University of Surrey and the Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR).

Start/End date: 1 February 2014 – 31 January 2018

LdA Researchers: Giorgio Barba Navaretti, Gabriele De Carli, Sante De Pimto, Giulia Felice, Emanuele Forlani, Paolo Garella, Marco Leonardi, Elena Meschi, Giovanni Pica and Anna Rosso

Goals: The aim of the project is to produce improved understanding of Non-Tariff Measures (NTM) and empirically testing their impact on international investment and trade, together with their effects on a variety of social and economic outcomes, including their impact on income and inequality. We analyze the NTM from the perspective of both protected and harmed individuals.

Official website: http://prontonetwork.org/

          Workshops and Conferences

  • PRONTO Final Workshop: “Quantifying Non-Tariff Barriers to Trade and Investment”, 18th – 19th January 2018, University of Vienna
  • PRONTO 4th Workshop, 16-17 March 2017, Paris
  • PRONTO 3rd Workshop, 26-27 February 2016, Vienna
  • PRONTO 2nd Workshop, 27-28 May 2015, Amsterdam
  • PRONTO 1st Workshop, 24 September 2014, World Trade Organization, Geneva
  • PRONTO kick-off meeting, 12-13 May 2014, Brussels

Value Added in Motion. The Future Geography of Production, Migration and Energy (VAM)

VAM webpage: : http://dagliano.unimi.it/vam/

Funding Institution: Enel Foundation

Partners: University of Milan, Department of Economics, Management and Quantitative Methods

Start/End date: 1 May 2013 – 30 April 2016

LdA Researchers: Giorgio Barba Navaretti (coordinator), Gianmarco Ottaviano and Giovanni Pica (Geography of Value Added), Giovanni Facchini and Tommaso Frattini (Migration), Marzio Galeotti, Francesco Vona and Federico Pontoni (Energy)

Goals: The overarching aim of this large project has been understanding the geography of value added and its implications for migration and for demand and supply of energy. Work pursued three different objectives:
i) mapping the geography of value added and to assess its main triggers;
ii) assessing the relationship between the location of activities and the production of value added and population movements;
iii) assessing how energy demand and the availability of energy sources relate to the creation, composition, and location of economic activities and to population movements.

Events

VAM Final Output Presentation, Enel Foundation, 19 September 2016, Rome

VAM Conference: “The Future Geography of Production, Migration and Energy”, 14-15th May 2015, University of Milan

VAM Kick-off meeting, 28 May 2013, University of Milan.

Conferences and Seminars

“European Research Workshop in International Trade (ERWIT)”, 20th-22nd October 2021, Unicredit Foundation, Milan;

“OECD 2021 Annual Conference of the Global Forum on Productivity” joint with Italian presidency of G20, 6-8th July 2021, Venice;

“OECD-EC High-Level Expert Workshop: Productivity in the Private Sector”, 24-25th March 2021;

“European Research Workshop in International Trade (ERWIT)”, 21st-23rd October 2020, virtual format.

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