Productivity and Human Capital: The Italian Case

Funding Institution: Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development

Partners: OECD and INAPP

Start/End date: January – December 2020

LdA Researchers: Anna Rosso (coordinator) and Camilla Andretta

Goals: Firms are made up of people, and differences in the composition and skills of owners, managers and workers, and their interactions through management and organization, affect firms’ productivity and may explain performance gap between firms within the same sector. We focus on workers’ characteristics and ownership and management characteristics in order to provide facts on the human characteristics of successful versus less successful Italian firms.

Inequality in Productivity

Funding Institution: European Investment Bank

Partners: European Investment Bank

Start/End date: 1 March 2019 – ongoing

LdA Researchers: Giorgio Barba Navaretti and Anna Rosso

Goals: The productivity of individual firms is affected by the environment in which they operate: agglomeration economies, knowledge spillovers, economies of scope and availability of specialized labour, components, services, and finance are all elements favouring productivity growth. The core periphery issue is especially meaningful in economies with deep geographic divides like Italy. We focus on finance and quality of governance, looking at whether leaders and laggards make a different use of these inputs and whether this difference is strengthened for peripheral laggards.


  • Presentation of the Report “Inequality in productivity: Geography, Finance and Governance of Leaders and Laggards” at the ENRI – the European Network of Research on Investment, 28th November 2019, EIB, Luxembourg
  • “From Micro to Macro: Market Power, Firms’ heterogeneity and Investment”, 18th-19th March 2019, Luxembourg

Productivity, Non-Tariff Measures and Openness (PRONTO)

Official website:

Funding Institution: European Commision (the 7th Framework Programme)

Partners: University of Bern (UBERN, Coordinator); University College Dublin (UC Dublin); Ecorys Nederland; London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE); Paris School of Economics (PSE); Stichting Dienst Landbouwkundig Onderzoek (DLO); Athens University of Economics and Business (AUEB-RC); Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies (WIIW); University of Surrey and the Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR).

Start/End date: 1 February 2014 – 31 January 2018

LdA Researchers: Giorgio Barba Navaretti, Gabriele De Carli, Sante De Pimto, Giulia Felice, Emanuele Forlani, Paolo Garella, Marco Leonardi, Elena Meschi, Giovanni Pica and Anna Rosso

Goals: The aim of the project is to produce improved understanding of Non-Tariff Measures (NTM) and empirically testing their impact on international investment and trade, together with their effects on a variety of social and economic outcomes, including their impact on income and inequality. We analyze the NTM from the perspective of both protected and harmed individuals.

          Workshops and Conferences

Value Added in Motion. The Future Geography of Production, Migration and Energy (VAM)

VAM webpage: :

Funding Institution: Enel Foundation

Partners: University of Milan, Department of Economics, Management and Quantitative Methods

Start/End date: 1 May 2013 – 30 April 2016

LdA Researchers: Giorgio Barba Navaretti (coordinator), Gianmarco Ottaviano and Giovanni Pica (Geography of Value Added), Giovanni Facchini and Tommaso Frattini (Migration), Marzio Galeotti, Francesco Vona and Federico Pontoni (Energy)

Goals: The overarching aim of this large project has been understanding the geography of value added and its implications for migration and for demand and supply of energy. Work pursued three different objectives:
i) mapping the geography of value added and to assess its main triggers;
ii) assessing the relationship between the location of activities and the production of value added and population movements;
iii) assessing how energy demand and the availability of energy sources relate to the creation, composition, and location of economic activities and to population movements.


VAM Final Output Presentation, Enel Foundation, 19 September 2016, Rome

VAM Conference: “The Future Geography of Production, Migration and Energy”, 14-15th May 2015, University of Milan

VAM Kick-off meeting, 28 May 2013, University of Milan.

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